THE BEST RAAGA BASED SONGS IN HINDI MOVIES – RAAG TODI

As you are already aware, these blogs are being recreated from the posts on my Facebook page Lyrical wherein I started with this theme of giving you the best raaga based songs in Hindi movies on the 8th of Aug 2015. Presently, I am on my 22nd Raaga: Raag Lalit. I have already given you blogs on Raaga Bhairavi (Part I, II and III), Yaman or Kalyan (Part I, II and III), Jhinjhoti (Part I, II), Darbari Kanada (Part I, II, and III), Bhimpalasi (Part I and II) and Raag Khammaj, which make only six of the twenty-two Raagas. This means that I have to make a determined effort to catch up. I have therefore decided to start giving you Raagas even as I put up on Lyrical, in addition to the back-log.

With this, lets start with our Seventh Raaga here (the 21st Raaga on Lyrical): Raag Todi.

Todi (Hindi: तोडी) is a Hindustani classical raga which gave its name to the Todi thaat, one of the ten modes of Hindustani classical music. Ragas from the Todi raganga include Todi (a.k.a. Miya ki Todi) itself, Bilaskhani Todi, Bahaduri Todi, and Gujari Todi.

Raag Todi

The equivalent raga in Carnatic music is Shubhapantuvarali. The Carnatic raga Todi is the equivalent of Bhairavi and does not have any similarity to the Hindustani Todi.

Todi is a raaga of the late morning.

As can be seen in the profile picture of the Raag, Todi is nearly always shown as a gentle, beautiful woman, holding a veena and standing in a lovely green forest, surrounded by deer. Kaufman cites the Sangita-Darpana “With a fair erect body like the white lotus, and delicate like the gleaming dew drop, Todi holds the vina and provides fun and frolic to the deer deep in the forest. Her body is anointed with saffron and camphor.

Rasa in Indian classical music is understood as mood of the raga. Miyan ki todi predominantly is mostly pervaded by a pensive, mournful mood which is then relieved in the drut (faster tempo) part, by a festive piece, possibly to alleviate the heavy pathos in the earlier stages of rendering, though not always. The composition is such as to afford an artist of high calibre to mould it in either the inherent pensive mood or to entirely present a festive mood.

Song #1 Ae ri main to prem diwani mera dard na jaane koye….

The cover picture that I have put up is that of Hema Malini in the 1979 movie Meera in which she was in the title role. She is singing a Meerabai bhajan: Ae ri main to prem diwani. It comes close to the description of the Raaga.

Pandit Ravi Shankar composed the bhajan and Vani Jairam sang it.

Vani Jairam and Pt Ravi Shankar

Please enjoy in Raag Todi: Ae ri main to prem diwani mera dard na jaane koye….

aeri mai to prem diwani mera dard na jane koi
aeri mai to prem diwani mera dard na jane koi
aeri mai to prem diwani

jurm aisa janti prit piye dukh ka
nagar dhidhora pitti preet na jane koi
mera dard na jane koi
aeri mai to prem diwani mera dard na jane koi
aeri mai to prem diwani mera dard na jane koi
aeri mai to prem diwani

 

We started with our 21st Raag today that gave birth to a Thaat having been named after it; one of the ten fundamental thaats in Hindustani stream of music.

It is a raaga of the late morning.

Song #2 Insaan bano….

As soon as I start with a Raaga, as is usual for me, I think of the combine of Shakeel Badayuni with Naushad Ali. The 1952 movie Baiju Bawra was the only movie for which Naushad was given the Filmfare Award. Each one of its songs is based on some Raag or the other.

Shakeel Badayuni (Sitting) and Naushad (Standing)
Shakeel Badayuni (Sitting) and Naushad (Standing)

Insaan Bano was sung by Mohammad Rafi for Bharat Bhushan who acted in the title role. When a group of dacoits attack the village in which he and Gauri (Meena Kumari who got the Filmfare award for Best Actress for the movie, one of the four that she got) live, Baiju sings this song to them to appeal to them to spare the village and become human. In the end, they take him away and spare the village.

Please enjoy in Raag Todi: Insaan bano….

nirdhan kaa ghar lUTane vaalo.n
luuT lo dil kaa pyaar
pyaar vo dhan hai jisake aage
sab dhan hai bekaar

insaan bano, insaan bano karalo bhalaaI kaa koI kaam
insaan bano
duniyaa se chale jaaegaa rah jaaegaa badanaam insaan bano

o …
is baag me.n sUraj bhii nikalataa hai liye Gam
phUlo.n kii ha.Nsii dekh ke ro detii hai shabanam
kuchh der kii khushiyaa.N hai.n to kuchh der kaa maatam
kis nii.nd me.n ho …
kis nii.nd me.n ho jaago zaraa dekh lo anjaam, insaan bano

o …
laakho.n yahaa.N shaan apanii dikhaate hue aaye
dam bhar ko rahe naach gaye dhUp me.n saaye
vo bhUl gaye the ke ye duniyaa hai saraay
aataa hai koI …
aataa hai koI subah ko jaatA hai koI shaam, insaan bano

o …
kyo.n tumane bichhaaye hai.n yahaa.N zulm ke Dere
dhan saath na jaayegaa bane kyo.n ho luTere
piite ho gariibo.n kaa lahuu shaam savere
khud paap karo …
khud paap karo naam ho shaitaan kA badanaam, insaan bano

Song #3 Sun rasiya, sun rasiya, kaahe ko jalaaye jiya aaja….

The 1954 movie Nagin had some of the best music by Hemant Kumar. The movie starred Pradeep Kumar and Vyjayanthimala as children of two rival snake venom catchers groups with such intense enmity between them that a match between them was an impossibility. However, in the end, as always, Love wins.

The movie had the magical been sound by Kalyanji who was at that time assistant to Hemant as music director. Lyrics of this song that I have selected, the characteristic pensive mood of Raag Todi, were by Rajinder Krishan and Lata Mangeshkar sang it for Vyjayanthimala.

Kalyanji Veerji Shah was assistant to Hemant Kumar in Nagin and created the famous been tune of the movie
Kalyanji Veerji Shah was assistant to Hemant Kumar in Nagin and created the famous been tune of the movie

Please enjoy in Raag Todi: Sun rasiya, sun rasiya, kaahe ko jalaaye jiya aaja….

sun rasiyaa -2
kaahe ko jalaa_e jiyaa aajaa

( likh likh haarii balam tohe patiyaa.N
tum bin kaise bitaa_uu.N kaarii ratiyaa.N ) -2
sun rasiyaa kaahe ko jalaa_e …

( kab hogaa puuraa sajan meraa sapanaa
piyaa tum aa ke kahoge mujhe apanaa ) -2
sun rasiyaa kaahe ko jalaa_e …

Song #4 Watan pe jo fida hoga….

The 1963 movie Phool Bane Angaare starred Mala Sinha as Usha. Based in Santa Cruz, Bombay, Usha undertakes to look after her family consisting of her widowed mother and younger brother, Ashish (Ashish Kumar), and even decides to not marry her army officer sweetheart, Captain Rajesh (Raj Kumar), so that she can look after them. Rajesh is called to the front in Korea, her mom passes away, and she brings up Ashish on her own. Years later, Rajesh has still not returned, Ashish gets married to Kamla (Nasreen), much to Usha’s chagrin. Shortly after the marriage, Kamla humiliates Usha and she decides to leave. The question remains where will a lone woman re-locate, and what prevented Ashish from coming to her assistance.

The movie has a beautiful Mukesh number: Chand aahen bharega phool dil thaam lenge.

The other is this patriotic song composed in this raag. Anand Bakshi penned the lyrics and Kalyanji Anandji composed the song.

Pic shows Anand Bakshi with Kalyanji, Anandji, Shammi Kapoor and Shashi Kapoor (Pic courtesy: memsaabstory.com)
Pic shows Anand Bakshi with Kalyanji, Anandji, Shammi Kapoor and Shashi Kapoor (Pic courtesy: memsaabstory.com)

I was very fond of the song when I was a boy. During those days, all of us were proud of being patriotic and to sing such songs wasn’t considered passe’.

Please enjoy in Raag Todi: Watan pe jo fida hoga….

himalya ki bulandi se suno aawaj hai aayi
kaha maao se de bete kaho behno se de bhai
vatan pe jo fida hoga amar vo naujawan hoga
vatan pe jo fida hoga amar vo naujawan hoga
rahegi jab talak ye duniya ye asfana bayaa hoga
vatan pe jo fida hoga amar vo naujawan hoga

himalya kah raha hai is vatan ke naujawano se
khada hu santh veer ban ke mai sarhad pe jamano se
bhala is vaqt dekhu kon mera pasbaan hoga
vatan pe jo fida hoga amar vo naujawan hoga
chaman walo ki gairat ko hai saiyado ne lalkara
utho har phul se kah do ke ban jaye vo angara
nahi to dosto rusva humara gulistan hoga
vatan pe jo fida hoga amar vo naujawan hoga

humare ek padosi ne humare ghar ko luta hai
humare ek padosi ne humare ghar ko luta hai
bharam ek dost ki dosti ka aise tuta hai
ki ab har dost pe duniya ko dusman ka guman hoga
vatan pe jo fida hoga amar vo naujawan hoga
sipahi dete hai aawaj matao ko behano ko
hame hathiyar la do bech do apne gehno ko
ki is kurabn bekuraban vatan ka har naujawan hoga
vatan pe jo fida hoga amar vo naujawan hoga
rahegi jab talak ye duniya ye asfana bayaa hoga
vatan pe jo fida hoga amar vo naujawan hoga
himalya ki bulandi se suno aawaj hai aayi
kaha maao se de bete kaho behno se de bhai
vatan pe jo fida hoga amar vo naujawan hoga
vatan pe jo fida hoga amar vo naujawan hoga
rahegi jab talak ye duniya ye asfana bayaa hoga
vatan pe jo fida hoga amar vo naujawan hoga

Song #5 Main to ek khwaab hoon….

Now that I have given you a song in Raag Todi composed by Kalyanji Anandji, let me tell you that this duo of brothers learnt music because someone owed money to their father and paid in kind by teaching the sons music. They made some very popular numbers, for example, in Jab Jab Phool Khile: Pardesiyon se na akhiyan milana, Ye sama, sama hai pyaar ka, Ek tha gul aur ek thi bulbul and Yahan main ajnabee hoon.

Their 1965 movie Himalaya Ki God Mein had equally super-hit numbers such as Chand si mehbooba ho meri, Ek tu jo mila, ek tu na mila, O tuu raat khadi thi chhat pe, Kankariya maar ke jagaaya, and the number that I am presenting now: Main to ek khwaab hoon.

Himalaya Ki God Mein

Main to ek khwaab hoon is the finest creation ever of Lyricist Qamar Jalalabadi, Music Director Kalyanji Anandji, and singer Mukesh. It has been shot in Kulu-Manali.

Please enjoy in Raag Todi: Main to ek khwaab hoon….

mai.n to ek khvaab huu.N, is khvaab se tuu pyaar na kar
pyaar ho jaae to, phir pyaar kaa izahaar na kar
mai.n to ek khvaab huu.N …

ye havaae.n sabhii chupachaap chalii jaae.ngii
lauT kar phir kabhii gulashan me.n nahii.n aae.ngii
apane haatho.n me.n havaao.n ko gariftaar na kar – 2
mai.n to ek khvaab huu.N …

shaakh se TuuT ke gunche bhii kabhii khilate hai.n
raat aur din bhii zamaane me.n kahii.n milate hai.n
bhuul jaa jaane de taqadiir se taqaraar na kar – 2
mai.n to ek khvaab huu.N …

Song #6 Jaago re prabhat aaya….

Anybody who has been following Lyrical for some time would know that one genre’ of music that I am really fond of is Bhajans. Amongst these, the 1964 movie Sant Gyaneshwar‘s bhajan: Jyot se jyot jagate chalo is a favourite one.

Sant Gyaneshwar is a 1964 film directed by Manibhai Vyas, starring Sudhir Kumar, Surekha, Babloo and Shahu Modak. The film is on the life of Sant Gyaneshwar. Dnyaneshwar or Dnyandev (IAST: Jñāneśvar) (1275–1296) was a 13th-century Marathi saint, poet, philosopher and yogi of the Nath tradition whose Dnyaneshvari (a commentary on the Bhagavad Gita) and Amrutanubhav are considered to be milestones in Marathi literature.

Now, when it comes to singers of Raaga based songs, there was none to beat Manna Dey.

This song that I have selected for you has been penned by Bharat Vyas, composed by Laxmikant Pyarelal and sung by Manna Dey.

Please enjoy in Raag Todi: Jago re prabhat aaya….

har nayi kiran ke sath mangal sandesh laya
jago se jago parbhat aaya parbhat aaya

har nayi kiran ke sath mangal sandesh laya
jago se jago parbhat aaya parbhat aaya

angna me khele karishan kanahiya
angna khele khele
angna me khele karishan kanahiya
hai dhanya wo dhara jaha swam gyan aaya
jaha gyan jagmagaya
jago re jago re jago re parbhat aaya

Song #7 Kuchh log mohabbat karke ho jaate hain barbaad…

Third day of Raag Todi.

Love or mohabbat brings different things for different people. There are some who get all the joys of life through love. Then there are others who wish they had never loved.

This song from the 1985 movie Laava is about the latter.

Anand Bakshi penned the lyrics and RD Burman composed it. It was sung by Kishore Kumar.

Anand Bakshi with Rahul Dev Burman (Pic courtesy: www.hindilyrics.com)
Anand Bakshi with Rahul Dev Burman (Pic courtesy: www.hindilyrics.com)

Please enjoy in Raag Todi: Kuchh log mohabbat karake, ho jaate hain barbaad….

kuchh log mohabbat karake ho jaate hai.n barabaad
kuchh log mohabbat karake kar dete hai.n barabaad
kis naam se yaad kare.nge ham tujhako aaj ke baad

is khudagarzii ko dekar ik majabuurii kaa naam
ulfat ke naam ko tuune kar Daalaa hai badanaam
uupar se bhole pa.nchhii tum andar se saiyyaad
kuchh log mohabbat …

ik roz kahaa thaa tumane hamako apanaa mahabuub
mahabuub badalane kaa ye a.ndaaz bahut hai Kuub
is baat pe ham Kush ho kar dete hai.n mubaarakabaad
kuchh log mohabbat …

chup rahe zubaan-e-kha.nzar chhupataa nahii.n ye ilzaam
letaa hai lahuu kaa qataraa-qataraa qaatil kaa naam
kyaa chain se jiine degii tumako merii fariyaad
kuchh log mohabbat …

Song #8 Duniya na bhaaye mohe….

So what if the name of the movie is Basant Bahaar, a 1956 movie, two of whose songs we had in the last raaga: Raag Bahaar based songs?

The fact is that even in Basant Bahar, there is place for the pensive mood of Raag Todi.

In this song, for a change, the Tal is Punjabi Theka or Sitarkhani. Punjabi theka is a common tal of 16 beats. Some suggest that it is not really a separate tal, but is merely a prakar (form) of tintal. There are different views as to its name. Some call it Punjabi Theka and others call it Sitarkhani.

Vocalists usually refer to this as Punjabi Theka; presumably, at some time in the past, this was a variation of tintal that was popularised by musicians from the Punjab.

Instrumentalists tend to call this Tal Sitarkhani. Presumably, this is a corruption from the phrase “Siddhar-Khan-e-theka” which literally translates to “Siddhar Khan’s Groove”. Siddhar Khan was a great musician who is sometimes credited with the invention of the tabla. In spite of the name, there seems to be no evidence that Siddhar Khan ever played this theka.

Sitarkhani has a very distinctive movement. It is just tintal where the two Dhins in the middle of each measure (vibhag) have been replaced by a single Dhin that rests on the off-beat. It is this distinctive syncopation that gives this tal its pleasant effect.

Shailendra was the lyricist and Shankar Jaikishen the composers. Mohammad Rafi sang it.

Pic showing Rafi with Shailendra, Shankar Jaikishen and Asha Bhonsle
Pic showing Rafi with Shailendra, Shankar Jaikishen and Asha Bhonsle

Please enjoy in Raag Todi with Punjabi theka taal: Duniya na bhaaye mohe ab to bulaa le….

aa .a .a

duniyaa naa bhaaye mohe ab to bulaa le
charano.n me.n, charano.n me.n tere,
charano.n me.n, charano.n me.n

mere giit mere sa.ng sahaare
ko_ii na meraa sa.nsaar me.n
dil ke ye Tuka.De kaise bech duu.N
duniyaa ke baazaar me.n
man ke ye motii rakhiyo tuu sambhaale
charano.n me.n, charano.n me.n tere,
charano.n me.n, charano.n me.n

saat suro.n ke saato.n saagar
man kii uma.ngo.n se jaage
tuu hii bataa mai.n kaise gaa_uu.N
baharii duniyaa ke aage
terii ye biinaa ab tere havaale
charano.n me.n, charano.n me.n tere,
charano.n me.n, charano.n me.n

mai.nne tujhe ko_ii sukh naa diyaa
tuune dayaa luTaa_ii dono.n haatho.n se
tere pyaar kii yaad jo aaye
dard chhalak jaa_e aa.Nkho.n se
jiinaa nahii.n aayaa mohe ab to chhupaa le
charano.n me.n, charano.n me.n tere,
charano.n me.n, charano.n me.n

duniyaa naa bhaaye mohe ab to bulaa le
charano.n me.n, charano.n me.n tere,
charano.n me.n, charano.n me.n

Song #9 Jis din se piya dil le gaye dukh de gaye….

Continuing with the pensive mood of Raag Todi (as I told you on the first day, there are Raag Todi songs in festive mood too), this one is not from Hindi movie but from a Pakistani movie. Noorjehan of Awaaz de kahan hai (in the Hindi movie) sang it. Qateel Shifai who penned my favourite Mehdi Hasan ghazal: Zindagi mein to sabhi pyaar kiya karte hain, wrote this one too. Music was composed by Khurshid Anwar.

Noorjehan (Pic courtesy: pics.urduwire.com)
Noorjehan (Pic courtesy: pics.urduwire.com)

Please enjoy in Raag Todi, in Tal Kaherava: Jis din se piya dil le gaye dukh de gaye….

jis din se piyaa dil le gaye dukh de gaye
us din se Gha.Dii pal haaye chain nahii.n aaye
GhaTatii nahii.n dil kii duuriyaa.N, majabuuriyaa.N
mera tum bin jii ghabaraaye chain nahii.n aaye

jab chahake.n pa.nchhii shaam ke
rah jaauu.N mai.n dil ko thaam ke
karuu.N bain tumhaare naam ke
aa.Nsuu ab kis kaam ke
luuTaa hai tumhaare pyaar ne, iqaraar ne
baiThii huu.N mai.n aas lagaaye, chain nahii.n aaye
jis din se piyaa dil le gaye dukh de gaye

aaraam nahii.n mere bhaag me.n
main to kho ga_ii Gam ke raag me.n
dil jalate jalate jalagayaa pyaar kii Tha.NDii aag me.n
jab yaad tumhaarii aa ga_ii ta.Dapaa ga_ii
mere dukhiyaa nain bhar aaye chain nahii.n aaye

jis din se piyaa dil le gaye dukh de gaye
us din se Gha.Dii pal haaye chain nahii.n aaye

Song #10 Ek tha bachpan ek tha bachpan….

Fourth day of Raag Todi based songs in the Hindi movies, a raag of late mornings, with an underlying pensive mood though there are songs in Raag Todi that are in festive mood too.

The raag inspired a thaat by the same name, one of the ten fundamental thaats in Raaga based songs.

Vasant Desai as a music director and composer had been giving us beautifully composed songs for V Shantaram movies (Do Aankhen Barha Haath wherein his song Ai maalik tere bande ham became an iconic bhajan; and Jhanak Jahnak Payal Baaje). Bharat Vyas penned those lyrics for him. He also gave us songs for Sant Gyaneshwar (with my favourite: Jyot se jyot jalaate chalo), Sampooran Ramayan and Goonj Uthi Shehnai. He also composed for Hrishikesh Mukherjee movies Guddi (Bole re papihara and Hamako mann ki shakti dena) and Aashirwaad.

Music Director Vasant Desai
Music Director Vasant Desai

It is from Ashirwaad that I have taken this song. It has been penned by Gulzar and sung by Lata Mangeshkar and chorus. The pensive mood is the underlying mood.

Please enjoy in Raag Todi: Ik tha bachpan, ik tha bachpan….

ik thaa bachapan, ik thaa bachapan
chhoTaa saa nanhaa saa bachapan, ik thaa bachpan
bachapan ke ik baabuujii the, achchhe sachche baabuujii the
dono.n kaa su.ndar thaa ba.ndhan, ik thaa bachapan

Tehanii par cha.Dhake jab phuul bulaate the
haath usake vo Tehanii tak naa jaate the
bachapan ke nanhe do haath uThaakar vo phuulo.n se haath milaate the
ik thaa bachapan, ik thaa bachapan

chalate chalate, chalate chalate jaane kab in raaho.n me.n
baabuujii bas gaye bachapan ki baaho.n me.n
muTThi me.n ban.d hai.n vo suukhe phuul bhii
khushabuu hai jiine kii chaaho.n me.n
ik thaa bachapan, ik thaa bachapan

ho.NTho.n par unakii awaaz bhii hai, mere ho.NTho.n par unakii awaaz bhii
hai
saa.Nso.n me.n sau.Npaa vishwaas bhii hai
jaane kis mod pe kab mil jaaye.nge wo, puuchhe.nge bachapan kaa ehasaas bhii
hai
ik thaa bachapan, ik thaa bachapan…

Song #11 Tere bachpan ko jawani ki dua deti hoon….

The word Bachpan in the last song leads me to another song on Bachpan. Though not altogether pensive, it is filled with the anxiety of a mother (Waheeda Rehman) for her child through a dacoit (Sunil Dutt). Since the police was after him, she gives vent to her doubts in the song whether the police and the world would let her child grow up as a normal child.

Predictably, the name of this 1963 movie was Mujhe Jeene Do. Sahir Ludhianvi did full justice to the lyrics of this song and others in the movie including: Nadi naare naa jayo Shyam paiyyan padhun; and Raat bhi hai kuchh bheegi bheegi.

Jaidev, who paired with Sahir Ludhianvi in Dev Anand double role starrer Hum Dono (as a Captain and Major in the Army) and gave us delightful songs such as Abhi na jaayo chhod kar, Main zindagi ka saath nibhaata chal gaya, and Kabhi khud pe kabhi halaat pe rona aaye, gave us this beautiful number, the last song in the movie.

The song was sung by Lata Mangeshkar.

Music Director Jaidev with Lata Mangeshkar
Music Director Jaidev with Lata Mangeshkar

Please enjoy in Raag Todi: Tere bachpan ko jawani ki duaa deti hoon….

tere bachapan ko javaanii kii duaa detii huu.N
aur duaa deke pareshaan sii ho jaatii huu.N

mere munne mere gulazaar ke nanhe paudhe
tujhako haalat kii aa.ndhii se bachaane ke liye
aaj mai.n pyaar ke aa.nchal me.n chhupaa letii huu.N
kal ye kamazor sahaaraa bhii na haasil hogaa
kal tujhe kaa.nTo.n bharii raaho.n pe chalanaa hogaa
zi.ndagaanii kii ka.Dii dhuup me.n jalanaa hogaa
tere bachapan ko javaanii …

tere maathe pe sharaafat kii koI mohar nahii.n
cha.nd hote hai.n muhabbat ke sukuun hii kyaa hai.n
jaise maao.n kii muhabbat kaa koI mol nahii.n
mere maasuum farishte tuu abhii kyaa jaane
tujhako kis-kisakii gunaaho.n kii sazaa milanii hai
diin aur dharm ke maare hue i.nsaano.n kii
jo nazar milanii hai tujhako vo khafaa milanii hai
tere bachapan ko javaanii …

be.Diyaa.N leke lapakataa huaa kaanuun kaa haath
tere maa.N-baap se jab tujhako milii ye saugaat
kaun laaegaa tere vaaste khushiyo.n kii baaraat
mere bachche tere a.njaam se jii Darataa hai
terii dushman hii na saabit ho javaanii terii
khaak jaatii hai jise sochake mamataa merii
usii a.njaam ko pahu.nche na kahaanii terii
tere bachapan ko javaanii …

Song #12 Raat suhaani jaag rahi hai dheere dheere chupake chupake…

Enough of pensive songs in Raag Todi. Lets have a song in a light mood. I can’t think of anyone better than this song from the 1969 movie Jigri Dost starring Jeetendra and Mumtaz.

Hats off to Laxmikant Pyarelal for this festive mood song set in this raag. The lyricist of his choice Anand Bakshi penned the lyrics and the song is a duet between Mohammad Rafi and Suman Kalyanpur.

Suman Kalyanpur is a Bangladesh descendant singer who made good name for herself in Hindi movies. She has sung nearly a thousand songs and her singing style is sometimes mistaken for Lata Mangeshkar. Although a great singer, she has been rather unfortunate in that she never received any Filmfare or National awards.

The recording of the song Raat suhaani jaag rahi hai (In the pic: Suman Kalyanpur with Mohammad Rafi and Laxmikant Pyarelal) (Pic courtesy: i.ytimg.com)
The recording of the song Raat suhaani jaag rahi hai (In the pic: Suman Kalyanpur with Mohammad Rafi and Laxmikant Pyarelal) (Pic courtesy: i.ytimg.com)

Please enjoy in Raag Todi: Raat suhaani jaag rahi hai dheere dheere chupake chupake….

raat suhaanii jaag rahii hai
dhiire-dhiire chupake-chupake chorii-chorii ho
prem kahaanii jaag rahii hai
dhiire-dhiire …

chal rahe hai.n jaaduu tham gayaa zamaanaa
dil churaa rahaa hai ye samaa.N suhaanaa
paalakii chaman me.n phuulo.n kii utaar ke
ye bahaar gaa rahii hai giit pyaar ke o
aur javaanii jaag rahii hai
dhiire-dhiire …

chaa.Nd kar rahaa hai pyaar ke ishaare
ye hamaare nayanaa ban ga_e hai.n taare
nii.nd ne na aane kii uThaa_ii hai qasam o
nii.nd kaise aa_e man ke dvaar pe sanam o
priit diivaanii jaag rahii hai
dhiire-dhiire …

ek pahelii tum mujhase puuchho
aa ga_e kahaa.N ham ye kisii se puuchho
ye zamiin lag rahii hai aasamaan sii
dil kii dha.Dakano.n me.n pa.D ga_ii hai taan sii o
zindagaanii jaag rahii hai
dhiire-dhiire …

Song #13 Ghar aaya mera pardesi…

Fifth day of Raag Todi based songs.

I have taken this song from the dream sequence (the first one picturised in Hindi movies (later bastardized as “Bollywood” movies).

Many feel that the song is actually in Raag Bhairavi (Jaikishen’s favourite raaga) but there are abundant traces of Raag Todi in it. Indeed, as I mentioned to you in very early stages of putting up Raag based songs, there are not many Hindi films songs that are purely in one raaga.

Awara is the 1951 RaJ Kapoor movie that has been contending for the most successful Hindi film of all times. Its popularity transcended national boundaries and reached Russia, China, Turkey, Gulf and many other countries. In Turkey, so popular was the movie and the title song that it was remade into a Turkish movie “Avares’.

awaara-1951H

A few years back, Time magazine included the movie in their revised list of 100 Top Movies of All Times.

The chemistry between Raj Kapoor and Nargis (they acted together in 19 movies!) was to be seen to be believed. In the movie, he acted as Awara (Tramp, a character he perfected by copying Charlie Chaplin) and she as a millionaire’s daughter.

Most Raj Kapoor movies’ songs have been penned by either Shailendra or Hasrat Jaipuri and composed by Shankar Jaikishen. This one was penned by Shailendra. Lata sang it.

Please enjoy in Raag Todi: Ghar aaya mera pardesi…

om namah shivay, om namah shivay, om
ghar aaya mera pardesi, pyas bujhi meri ankhiya kee
too mere mann kaa moti hai, in nainan kee jyoti hai
yad hai mere bachpan kee, ghar aaya mera pardesi
abb dil todke mat jana, rote chhod ke mat jana
kasam tujhe mere ansuan kee, ghar aaya mera pardesi

Song #14 Diya na bujhe ri aaj hamaara….

Once upon a time, a Muslim from Gujarat, almost won the Best Foreign Film award in Academy Awards (Oscars) for his 1957 film Mother India, arguably the most well known of Indian movies amongst foreign audiences (and not just Indians settled abroad).

Mehboob Khan was born Mehboob Khan Ramzan Khan in Bilimora in Gandevi Taluka of Baroda State (now Gujarat) on 9 September 1907. He was a pioneer director-producer of Hindi movies and has the famous Mehboob Studio (still functional) in Bandra, Mumbai, to his credit.

He started with 1935 movie Al Hilal (Judgment of Allah) and went on to make highly successful, some iconic and memorable movies such as Deccan Queen (1936), Alibaba and Aurat (in 1940), Andaz (1949), Aan (1951), Amar (1954), Mother India (1957) and Son of India (1962).

The team of lyricist Shakeel Badayuni and music director Naushad Ali was his favourite and he took the pair for several movies including Mother India and Son of India. They never failed him.

Mehboob Khan

Son of India had minor actors such as Kamaljit, Simi Grewal, Kumkum amd Jayant in the lead roles.

This song is as pensive as songs characteristically in Raag Todi can get. It has been sung by Lata Mangeshkar.

Please enjoy in Raag Todi: Diya na bhuje ri aaj hamaara…

la : diyaa naa bujhe rii aaj hamaaraa
ko : diyaa naa bujhe rii aaj hamaaraa
la : chale rii pawan
sananan sanan
thar-thar kaa.Npe jiyaraa
aa
ko : diyaa naa bujhe rii aaj hamaaraa

la : aasathaa jag-mag ruup nikhaare
aa
ko : aasathaa jag-mag ruup nikhaare
la : priit me.n khoye nain hamaare
Dhuu.NDhe.n pii kaa dhaaraa
ko: diyaa naa bujhe

la : ek to badaraa ghan ghan garaje
aa
ko : ek to badaraa ghan ghan garaje
la : duuje bijariyaa cham-cham chamake
jal-thal hai jag saaraa
aa
ko : diyaa naa bujhe rii aaj hamaaraa
chale rii pawan
sananan sanan
thar-thar kaa.Npe jiyaraa
aa
diyaa naa bujhe rii
aa

Song #15 Mose rooth gayo banwari….

This is a rare song from the 1964 movie Vidyapati (you remember the famous song from the movie More naina sawan bhadon?)

This too was penned Prahlad Sharma and composed by V Balsara. This was sung by Mohammad Rafi and once again, as pensive as it can get.

Music Director V Balsara (Pic courtesy: imusti.com)
Music Director V Balsara (Pic courtesy: imusti.com)

Please enjoy in Raag Todi: Mose rooth gayo Banwari….

Door gagan ke chanda
Kahiyo saajan se sandes
Ghar ghar alakh jagaawe
Radha kar joganiya bhes
Mo se rooth gayo banwaari
Mo se rooth gayo banwaari
Jari gayo madhuban
Sukhi jamuna gali gali dukhiyari
Mo se rooth gayo banwaari

Chhod gayo re man ka mitwa
Jiya na ab to maane
Jiya na ab to maane
Kaun tarat re na koi samjhe
Tum jaano hum jaanen
Tum jaano hum jaanen
Piye bin kaamni jee na sakegi
Piye bin kaamni jee na sakegi
Laage ghaavat bhaari
Mo se rooth gayo banwaari
Mo se rooth gayo banwaari

Ye poonam ki raat chaandni
Aag jiya mein laagi
Aag jiya mein laagi
Chanda se yun door chakori
Virhaa vedna jaagi
Virhaa vedna jaagi
Rowat sagri ran bitaai
Rowat sagri ran bitaai
Aayo na girdhaari
Mo se rooth gayo banwaari
Mo se rooth gayo banwaari

Madhur milan ki aas lagaaye
Phulwan sej bichhai
Phulwan sej bichhai
Path herat akhiyaan pathraai
Nindiya kab hu na aayi
Nindiya kab hu na aayi
Aao kaanha der karo na
Aao kaanha der karo na
Tum jeete main haari
Mo se rooth gayo banwaari
Mo se rooth gayo banwaari.

Song #16 Jhoote naina bole saanchi batiyan…

Last day of Raag Todi based songs tonight.

The very first song is from the 1990 movie Lekin that was based on a short story Kshudhit Pashaan by Rabindranath Tagore. The versatile lyricist, story and dialogue writer, screenplay writer director Gulzar directed the movie that starred Vinod Khanna, Dimple Kapadia, Amjad Khan, Alok Nath, and Beena Banerjee, and featured a special appearance by Hema Malini.

The film was Lata Mangeshkar’s production. Her rendition of the song ‘Yara Seeli Seeli’ won the 1991 National Film Award for Best Female Playback Singer. The song also won film’s lyricist, Gulzar, both the 1991 National Film Award for Best Lyrics and the 1992 Filmfare Best Lyricist Award. The film’s music director, Lata’s brother Hridayanath Mangeshkar, won the 1991 National Film Award for Best Music Direction.

Lata Mangeshkar’s sister Asha Bhosle and Satyasheel Deshpande sang the song.

Hridaynath Mangeshkar, Asha Bhonsle & Lata Mangeshkar at Pandit Dinanath Mangeshkar Awards ceremony (Pic courtesy: india-forums.com)
Hridaynath Mangeshkar, Asha Bhonsle & Lata Mangeshkar at Pandit Dinanath Mangeshkar Awards ceremony (Pic courtesy: india-forums.com)

Please enjoy in Raag Todi: Joothe naina bole saanchi batiyaan….

s: nike ghuu.Nghariyaa Thumakat chaal chalat

aa: juuThe nainaa bole saa.nchii batiyaa.n (2)
nita chamakaave chaa.Nd kaalI ratiyaa.n
juuThe nainaa bole saa.nchii batiyaa.n (2)

jaanuu jaanuu jhuuThe maahii kii jaat (3)
kin sautan sa.nga tum kaaTii raat
ab lipaTii lipaTii
ab lipaTii lipaTii banaao na batiyaa.n
jhuuThe nainaa bole saa.nchii batiyaa.n (2)

bolo bolo kaisii bhaayii saa.nvarii (3)
jis ko de de nii morii mundarii
ab bhiinii bhiinii
ab bhiinii bhiinii banaao naa batiyaa.n
juuThe nainaa bole saa.nchii batiyaa.n (2)
nita chamakaave chaa.Nd kaalii ratiyaa.n
juuThe nainaa bole saa.nchI batiyaa.n

Song #17 Raina beeti jaaye, Shyam na aaye…

This song from 1971 Shakti Samanta movie Amar Prem is disputed to be from Raag Lalit. Yes, it leans heavily towards that but it is still primarily from Raag Todi in Tal Kaherava.

The movie’s story is based on a Bengali short story Hinger Kochuri by Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay about a school boy, who is ill-treated by his step mother, and becomes friends with their neighbour, a prostitute. The story was made into a Bengali film Nishi Padma in 1970 directed by Arabinda Mukherjee, who wrote screenplay for Amar Prem too; it starred Uttam Kumar and Sabitri Chatterjee as leads.

The film portrays the decline of human values and relationships and contrasts it by presenting an illustrious example of a boy’s innocent love for a neighbourhood courtesan.

Sharmila Tagore plays a prostitute with a heart of gold, with Rajesh Khanna in the role of a lonely businessman who visits her often.

Amar Prem

The film’s songs were composed by RD Burman on lyrics by Anand Bakshi. These are amongst the best and most meaningful songs in Hindi movies, eg,

1 “Doli Mein Bithai Ke” sung by SD Burman
2 “Raina Beeti Jaye” Lata Mangeshkar, Rajesh Khanna
3 “Chingari Koi Bhadke” Kishore Kumar
4 “Kuchh Toh Log Kahenge” Kishore Kumar
5 “Yeh Kya Hua” Kishore Kumar
6 “Bada Natkhat Hai Yeh” Lata Mangeshkar

Please enjoy in Raag Todi: Raina beeti jaaye….

rainaa biitii jaaye, shyaam naa aaye (2)
ni.ndiyaa naa aaye, ni.ndiyaa naa aaye
rainaa biitii jaaye …

shaam ko bhuulaa, shyaam kaa vaadaa (2)
sa.ng diye ke, baiThii(?) raadhaa
ni.ndiyaa naa aaye, ni.ndiyaa naa aaye
rainaa biitii jaaye …

kis sautan ne rokii Dagariyaa (2)
kis bairan se laagii nazariyaa
ni.ndiyaa naa aaye, ni.ndiyaa naa aaye
rainaa biitii jaaye …

birahaa kii maarii, prem diivaanii (2)
tan man pyaasaa a.nkhiyo.n me.n paanii
ni.ndiyaa naa aaye, ni.ndiyaa naa aaye
rainaa biitii jaaye …

Song #18 Yeh dhaaga hai pyaar ka….

I end Raag Todi based songs in Hindi movies with this song from 1960 movie Phool Aur Kaliyan which was produced by V Shantaram and directed by Ram Gabale. The film won a Gol Medal in the National Film Awards for being the Best Children’s film. It starred Ramesh Talwar as a child artiste (we saw him as a child artiste in 1958 movie Love In Shimla and 1959 movie Dhool Ka Phool. Ramesh Talwar later rose to become an Indian film, theatre, television and film director, co-producer and actor.

V Shantaram

The song that I have selected for you has been penned by Bharat Vyas (as most songs in V Shantaram movies) and composed by Shivram Krishna. V Shantaram was fond of Mahendra Kapoor singing in his movies (such as Aadha hai chandrama in his Navrang). Here too Mahendra Kapoor has sung it.

Please enjoy in Raag Todi: Ye dhaaga hai pyaar ka….

With that I conclude the Best of Songs in Hindi Movies based on Raag Todi. I shall be curious to know your reactions in the comments below.

Please await my next Raaga based songs post.

Jai Hind

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