Raaga Based Song of the Day: Dil ke jharokhe mein tujhako bithakar….
Raag Shivaranjanii, Tal Dadra
I gave you a song in this Raag in very early stages of this series. In ‘Raaga Based Song Of The Day #4’, I gave you a song in the same raaga and tal: Laage na mora jiya. That, of course had the genius of Ravi with my favourite lyricist Shakeel Badayuni.
We have completed eighty-eight days of Raaga Based Songs of the Day. Our first post in the series was titled ‘Raaga Based Song Of The Day #1’ and the song was a Mohammad Rafi and Lata Mangeshkar song from the 1970 Shakti Samanta movie Pagla Kahin Ka: Tum mujhe youn bhula na paoge. It is in Raag Jhinjhoti, Tal Kaherava.
Our eighty-ninth post or the last post was titled ‘Raaga Based Song Of The Day #89’ and the song was a Lata Mangeshkar song from the 1973 BR Ishara movie Dil Ki Rahen starring Rakesh Pandey and Rehana Sultan: Rasme ulfat ko nibhayen to nibhayen kaise. It is in Raag Madhuvanti, Tal Kaherava.
This blog has a number of posts on Raaga based songs in Hindi movies titled similarly; for example: ‘The Best Raaga Based Songs in Hindi Movies – Raaga Yaman – Part III’.
In the last eighty-nine days of sharing Raaga based songs of the day, I have given you songs based on Raag Jhinjhoti, Gara, Bhimpalasi, Madhuvanti, Shivaranjani, Bihag, Pahadi, Sarang, Pilu, Bhairavi, Khammaj, Charukesi, Kalyan or Yaman, Desh, Malgunji, Kirwani, Kedar, Bageshri, Megh Malhar, Bhupali, Ahir Bhairav, Malkaush, Mand, Adana, Kafi, Rageshri, Jaunpuri, Tilang, Janasammohini, Chayanat, Shuddha Kalyan, Gaur Sarang, Jogiya, Asavari, Maru Bihag, Durga, Lalit, Puria Dhanashri, Bhinna Sahdja, Sohani, Multani, Patdeep, Jaijaiwanti, Tilak Kamod, Hemant, Basant Mukhari, Gujri Todi, Kalavati, Hamir, Bhatiyar, Gawati, Shyam Kalyan, Gorakh Kalyan, Madhamat Sarang, Manj Khammaj, Darbari Kanada, Vibhas, Shankara, Bahar, Nand and Mian Ki Malhar; making it a total of 61 raagas. The raagas that have been repeated so far are Pahadi, the raaga of my home place in the Himalayas, Maru Bihag, Raag Kirwani, Jhinjhoti, Bhairavi, Gara, Basant Mukhari, Malkauns, Bhairavi, Mand, Sohani and Madhuvanti. Today, I am repeating Raag Shivaranjani.
Raag Shivaranjani is another Raag that belongs to Kafi Thaat. The mood of the raag is Karuna Rasa (pathos) that suited both Shakeel and Ravi very well. However, the MDs who had this as their favourite (both of them as opposed to Bhairavi that was favourite of Jaikishan only) were Shankar Jaikishan. Some of their popular numbers in this Raag are: Awaaz deke hamen tum bulao, Baharon phool barsao, Dil ke jharokhe mein tujhako bithakar, Jaane kahan gaye woh din, and O mere sanam.
Some of the popular numbers of other composers in this raag are: Banake kyun bigada re, Dhak dhak karne laga, Kahin deep jale kahin dil, Mere naina sawan bhaadon, Mujhe kuchh kehna hai, Rimjhim ke geet sawan gaaye, Sawan aaye sawan jaaye, Tere mere beech mein, and Yaad teri aayegi.
Shivaranjani’s Jati is Audhav-Audhav, that is pentatonic in both ascent (Aaroha) and descent (Avaroha);Madhyam and Nishad are the swar that are varjya, Gandhar is Komal. Rest all are shuddha swar. This raag and Bhopali are similar except that in Bhopali, even Gandhar is shuddha whereas it is Komal in Shivaranjani.
The raag is to be normally performed at midnight.
As far as Tal Dadra is concerned I have given you enough already.
The song I have taken for you today is from the 1968 GP Sippy production and Bhappi Sonie movie Brahmachari starring Shammi Kapoor, Rajshree, Pran and Mumtaz. It was penned by Hasrat Jaipuri, composed by Shankar Jaikishan and sung by Mohammad Rafi.
Let me start with telling about Hasrat Jaipuri. Shailendra and Hasrat Jaipuri formed a team with Shankar Jaikishan. It was the most abiding team of Lyricists with Composer in Hindi movies. Although, Hasrat was a find of Prithviraj Kapoor who introduced him to his son Raj Kapoor, both the Filmfare Awards that he received were both non-Raj Kapoor movies: Andaz starring Rajesh Khanna and Shammi Kapoor and Suraj starring Rajendra Kumar. Hasrat Jaipuri was born as Iqbal Hussain in Jaipur, Rajashtan, on 15 Apr 1922. His schooling was entirely in English language and it is only later that he learnt Urdu and Persian. He came to Bombay at the age of 18 years and worked as a bus-conductor, similar to Johnny Walker. His first song was Jiya beqraar hai for the 1949 Raj Kapoor movie Barsaat, the debut film of Shankar Jaikishan.
Before penning lyrics for the songs, he was fond of poetry. Some of his poetry was written for his beloved in Jaipur: Radha including the famous song: Yeh mera prem patr padh kar ke tum naraaz na hona.
As far as my favourite songs of Hasrat Jaipuri are concerned, let me tell you first that what I regard as Lata Mangeshkar’s best song ever: Rasik balmaa, has been penned by him (Please see: ‘My Favourite Songs Of Lata Mangeshkar‘). Some of the others are: Aa neele gagan tale (Badshah, 1954), the title song of my Facebook group Yaad Kiya Dil Ne (Patita, 1953), Aansu bhari hain ye jeevan ki raahen (Parvarish, 1958), Aaye bahaar ban ke lubha kar chale gaye (Rajhath, 1956), Awaaz de ke hamen na bulao (Professor, 1962), Ajahu na aaye baalma (Saanjh Aur Savera, 1964), Aji rooth kar ab kahan jaayiga, Chhalke teri aankho se (Arzoo, 1965), Rukh se zara naqaab utha do mere huzoor, Gam uthhane ke liye main to jiye jaayunga, Jhanak jhanak tori naaje payaliya, Jo guzr rahi hai mujhape use kaise main batayun, Kyaa kyaa na sahe hamne sitam aap ki khaatir (Mere Huzoor, 1968), Bat itani si hai kah do koi deevano se, Gori chalo na hans ki chaal (Beti Bete, 1964), Bahaaro phool barsaao (Suraj, 1966), Bhanvre ki gunjan hai mera dil (Kal, Aaj Aur Kal, 1971), Chale jaana zara thehro (Around The World, 1967), Chhod gaye baalam mujhe haay akela chhod gaye, Jiya beqraar hai chhayi bahaar hai, Meri aankhon mein bas gaya koi re (Barsaat, 1949), Dekho ruutha na karo, Tere ghar ke saamne ik ghar banayunga, Tu kahan ye bata is nasheeli raat mein (Tere Ghar Ke Saamne, 1963), Dheere dheere chal chand gagan mein (Love Marriage, 1959), Dil ek mandir hai, Ham tere pyaar mein saara aalam, Yahan koi nahin tera mere siva (Dil Ek Mandir, 1963), Dil ke jharokhe mein tujhako bithakar (Brahmachari, 1968), Mere yaar shab-ba-khair, Ehsaan tera hoga mujhpar, Jaa jaa jaa mere bachpan (Junglee, 1961), Duniya waalon se duur, Jhuumata mausam mast maheena, Tera jalwa jisne dekha (Ujaala, 1959), Ehsaan mere dil pe tumhaara hai dosto (Gaban, 1966), Falsafa pyaar ka tum kyaa jaano (Duniya, 1968), Gumnaam hai koi, Is duniya mein jeena hai to sun lo meri baat, Jaago sone waalo. Jaan-e-chaman shola badan pehlu mein aa jaao (Gumnaam, 1965), Ho maine pyaar kiya hai hai kya zurm kiya (Jis Desh Mein Ganga Behati Hai, 1960), Ibtidaa-e-ishq mein ham saari raat jaage (Hariyali Aur Raasta (1962), Ichak daana bichak daana (Shri 420, 1955), Ik bewafa se pyaar kiya, Jabase balam ghar aaye (Awaara, 1951), Ik but banayunga tera, Tera mera pyaar amar, Tujhe jeevan ki dore se baandh liya hai (Asli Naqli, 1962), Is rang badalati duniya mein (Rajkumar, 1964), Jaane kahan gaye woh din (Mera Naam Joker, 1970), Le gayi dil gudiya Japan ki, Koi matwaala aaya mere dwaare, Sayonara waada nibhayungi (Love In Tokyo, 1966), Janam janam ka saath hai nibhane ko (Tumase Achha Kaun Hai, 1969), Jiya o, jiya o jiya luchh bol do (Jab Pyaar Kisi Se Hota Hai, 1961), Kaun hai jo sapano mein aaya (Jhuk Gaya Asmaan, 1968), Kuchh sher sunaata hoon main (Ek Dil Sau Afsaane, 1963), Manzil wohi hai pyaar ke raahi badal gaye (Kathputli, 1957), Maare gaye gulfaam (Teesri Kasam, 1966), Main Ka karun Raam mujhe buddha mil gaya, O mehbooba tere dil ke paas hi hai (Sangam, 1964), Main kahin kavi na ban jaayun (Pyaar Hi Pyaar, 1968), Main piya teri tu maane ya na maane (Basant Bahar, 1956), Mere mehboob tere dam se hai duniya mein bahar (Bhai Bhai, 1970), Meri zindagi mein aate to kuchh aur baat hoti (Kanyadaan, 1968), Mujhako apne gale lagalo ai mere humraahi, Vo chale haan vo chale, Ye aansu mere dil ki zubaan hain (Hamrahi, 1963), Nain se nain naahi milao (Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baje, 1955), Pankh hote to udh aati re, Taqdeer ka fasaana jaakar kise sunaayen (Sehra, 1963), Hai na bolo bolo (Andaaz, 1968), Parde mein rehane do (Shikar, 1968), Pyar aankhon se jataya to bura maan gaye, Tumhe aur kyaa doon main dil ke siva (Aayi Milan Ki Bela, 1964), Rungoli sajaao (Rungoli, 1962), Sau saal pehle mujhe tumase pyar tha, Teri zulfon se judaayi to nahin maangi thi (Jab Pyar Kisi Se Hota Hai (1961), Sunate the naam ham jinaka bahar se (Aah, 1953), Suno chhoti si gudiya ki lambi kahani (Seema, 1955), Tere khayalon mein ham (Geet Gaya Pathron Ne, 1964), Teri pyari pyari surat ko (Sasural, 1961), Tujhe pyar karte hain karte rahenge (April Fool, 1964), Tuu mere saamne hai teri zulfen hain khuli (Suhaagan, 1964), Unake khayal aaye to aate chale gaye (Laal Patthar, 1971), Ye kya kar daal tune dil tera ho gaya (Howrah Bridge, 1958), and Ye raat bheegi bheegi (Chori Chori, 1956).
Shankar Jaikishan were the best and my most favourite music-duo on several scales such as popularity, the number of Filmfare Awards that they bagged and were nominated for, and their range of compositions from classical music based, jazz, semi classical, piano based, party songs, sad songs, lively and lilting melodies, comic songs and even some foreign tunes. Let alone mukhadas and antaras of songs of their compositions, they paid particular attention to interludes. It is, therefore, not surprising that in addition to their songs, even their interludes became memorable. They hardly ever used the same interlude twice in a song. One of my favourites, when it comes to interludes, is the interlude after the mukhada in the Anaadi song: Tera jaana. Of course, Tera jaana is a piano based, Raaga based (Raag Bhairavi, Tal Kaherava) sad song sung by Lata Mangeshkar for Nutan at the time when she is forced to break-up with Raj Kapoor, her only love, at the behest of her rich father. We must also acknowledge the genius of the arranger Sebastian D’Souza in making this interlude memorable. Have a look:
Mohammad Rafi, what can you say about him except that he was God of Songs? There was no singer ver like him and there will never be anyone like him. He brought to the songs a certain adorable personalisation. For example, the songs that he sang for Dharmendra, Rajendra Kumar, Shammi Kapoor, Sunil Dutt, Shashi Kapoor, or any of his heroes are so different in each case. When you listen to his songs for Dharmendra, you get that something in the songs that was so typically Dharmendra. Mohammad Rafi was one singer who got into the souls of his heroes and made each song a unique experience. Listen to Main nigaahen tere chehre se hayayun kaise in Raag Darbari Kanada, Tal Dadra in 1964 movie Aap Ki Parchhayian, for example, and you would know that he sang it exclusively and uniquely for Dharmendra. Similarly, his Mere mehboob is exclusively and uniquely for Rajendra Kumar.
For Dil ke jharokhe mein Mohammad Rafi got yet another Filmfare Award for Best Playback Singer (Male) and Shankar Jaikishan got yet another Filmfare Award for Best Music Direction for the movie. Shailendra won another award for the Best Lyricist for Main gaayun tum so jaao. Even though Hasrat Jaipuri didn’t get an award for this song, it has unforgettable lyrics that were so beautifully composed in Raag Shivaranjani that it actually became one of the most memorable songs of that era. In any case, Mohammad Rafi and Shankar Jaikishan made some of their best songs for Shammi Kapoor.
Before we actually take up the song, first, lets take up the value added learning of today. From the last nine times we started learning about some of the leading personalities in Indian Classical Music or Shastriya Sangeet. The first one that we took up was Ustaad Asad Ali Khan, the finest Rudra Veena player in the country. Then we took up Pandit Hari Parsad Chaurasia, the greatest Bansuri player in the country. Then we talked about Ali Akbar Khan, the greatest Sarod player in the country. Then we took up Pandit Ravi Shankar, the greatest Sitar player in the world. Then we took up the greatest classical singer in the country (of Carnatic tradition): MS Subbulakshmi. Then, we took up the greatest classical singer in the country (of Hindustani tradition): Pandit Bhimsen Joshi. Then, we learnt about the Shehnai maestro Ustad Bismillah Khan. Then, we learnt about Annapurna Devi, a great Surbahar (bass sitar) player of Hindustani Classical Music. Finally, we took up Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma, the grestest Santoor player in the country. Tonight we shall learn a little more about Ustaad Alla Rakha Qureshi or simply Alla Rakha, the Tabla Maestro and father of Ustaad Zakir Hussain.
He was born on 29 Apr 1919 in Ghaghwal, Jammu and Kashmir in British India. His mother tongue was Dogri. He became fascinated by the sound of tabla from the age of 12 when he was staying with his uncle in Gurdaspur. He ran away from home to become a tabla player and started training with Mian Kader Baksh of Punjab Gharana.
Allah Rakha began his career as an accompanist in Lahore and then as an All India Radio staffer in Bombay in 1940, playing the station’s first ever tabla solo and elevating the instrument’s position in the process. Soon after, he composed music for a couple of Hindi films from 1943–48. However, he still played as an accompanist, for soloists like Bade Ghulam Ali Khan, Allauddin Khan, Vilayat Khan, Vasant Rai, Ali Akbar Khan, and Ravi Shankar. The venerable master achieved world renown as Shankar’s chief accompanist during his apex in the 1960s, delighting audiences in the West with his percussive wizardary, not only as an uncanny accompanist with flawless timing and sensitivity but also as a soloist where he was a master of improvisation, a prolific composer and an electric showman. The partnership was particularly successful, and his legendary and spellbinding performances with Shankar at the Monterey Pop Festival in 1967 and the Woodstock Festival in 1969 served to introduce classical Indian music to general Western audiences.
Rakha was awarded the Padma Shri in 1977 and the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1982.
Alla Rakha died on 3 Feb 2000 at his Simla House residence on Nepean Sea Road following a heart attack, which he suffered on learning of the death of his daughter, Razia, the previous evening.
Lastly, a word about the movie from where this song has been taken by me. The 1968 movie Brahmachari was produced by GP Sippy and directed by Bhappie Sonie and starred Shammi Kapoor, Rajshree, Pran and Mumtaz. The movie had Shammi Kapoor in the title role. He was an orphan looking after other orphan children from the street. The movie won the Filmfare Award for the best movie that year.
Please enjoy in Raag Shivaranjani, Taal Dadra, Mohammad Rafi sing a composition of Shankar Jaikishan on the lyrics of Hasrat Jaipuri in the 1968 Bhappi Sonie movie Brahmachari: Dil ke jharokhe mein tujhako bithakar…..
दिल के झरोखे में तुझको बिठाकर
यादों को तेरी मैं दुल्हन बनाकर
रखूँगा मैं दिल के पास, मत हो मेरी जाँ उदास
कल तेरे जलवे पराये भी होंगे,
लेकिन झलक मेरे ख्वाबों में होंगे
फूलों की डोली में होगी तू रुखसत,
लेकिन महक मेरी सांसों में होगी
दिल के झरोखे में …
अब भी तेरे सुर्ख होठों के प्याले,
मेरे तसव्वुर में साक़ी बने हैं
अब भी तेरी ज़ुल्फ़ के मस्त साये,
बिरहा की धूप में साथी बने हैं
दिल के झरोखे में …
मेरी मुहब्बत को ठुकरा दे चाहे,
मैं कोई तुझसे ना शिकवा करुंगा
आँखों में रहती हैं तस्वीर तेरी,
सारी उमर तेरी पूजा करुंगा
दिल के झरोखे में …
We have intended to learn about Raaga based music whilst we entertain ourselves with Raaga based songs. So, lets, once again, take stock of our collective learning so far:
- On the first day we learnt about the Raaga system devised by Pandit Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande, which is the prevalent system in Hindustani Classical Music and based on ten Thaats.
- On the second day we learnt about Tal or Taal.
- On the third day we learnt about characteristics of Raagas that included Swar, Jati, Thaat, Arohana and Avarohana, Vadi, Samvadi and Pakad.
- On the fourth day, we learnt about Sargam.
- On the fifth day, we learnt about notations used in Indian classical music or simply Swar Lipi.
- On the sixth day, we learnt about the Ras (sentiments) that Raagas evoke.
- On the seventh day, we learnt about various types of Swar: Shuddha, Achal, Vikrut, Komal and Teevra.
- On the eighth day, we learnt the parts of a composition in Indian Classical Music.
- On the ninth day, we learnt the names of some of the popular instruments used in Indian Classical Music.
- On the tenth day, we learnt about the sources of names of Raagas.
- On the eleventh day, we learnt about why Bhairavi is the first raag to be taught to beginners and also why it is the last in a performance.
- On the twelfth day, we learnt about Khammaj Thaat.
- On the thirteenth day, we learnt about Tal Punjabi Theka or Sitarkhani.
- On the fourteenth day, we learnt about Alap.
- On the fifteenth day, we learnt about List of Raagas (Raagmala) in my favourite book: Sri Guru Granth Sahib.
- On the sixteenth day, we learnt about tips for raaga identification.
- On the seventeenth day, we learnt the basics of Gharana system.
- On the eighteenth day, we learnt about Filmi Sangeet.
- On the nineteenth day, we learnt about the commonest Tal in Raagas: Tintal.
- On the twentieth day, we learnt about the Kafi Thaat.
- On the twenty-first day, we learnt a little more in detail about the classification of Raagas.
- On the twenty-second day, we learnt the essential differences between Bhairavi and Bhairav.
- On the twenty-third day, we learnt a little more in detail about the Jati or Jaati of a raaga.
- On the twenty-fourth day, we learnt details of Thaat Bilawal, the most basic thaat in the Bhatkhande’s system of raagas.
- On the twenty-fifth day, we learnt about Tintal.
- On the twenty-sixth day, we learnt in detail about the Raaga – Samay linkage.
- On the twenty-seventh day, we learnt about Lehar.
- On the twenty-eighth day, we learnt about the history of the Hindustani Music.
- On the twenty-ninth day, we learnt about Dhrupad.
- On the thirtieth day, we learnt about Rupaktal that I was introduced to, a few months back, by my friend Anand Desai.
- On the thirty-first day, we learnt about Khayal.
- On the thirty-second day, we learnt about Thumri.
- On the thirty-third day, we learnt about Tappa.
- On the thirty-fourth day, we learnt about Tarana.
- On the thirty-fifth day, we learnt about Tal Dipchandi (Moghali).
- On the thirty-sixth day, we learnt about Tabla.
- On the thirty-seventh day, we learnt about Kirtan.
- On the thirty-eighth day, we learnt about Pakhawaj.
- On the thirty-ninth day, we learnt about Hori.
- On the fortieth day, we learnt about Dadra.
- On the forty-first day, we learnt about Kajri.
- On the forty-second day, we learnt about Chaiti.
- On the forty-third day, we learnt about Sarangi.
- On the forty-fourth day, we learnt about Shehnai.
- On the forty-fifth day, we learnt about Sarod.
- On the forty-sixth day, we learnt about Bansuri.
- On the forty-seventh day, we learnt about Ektal and Tanpura.
- On the forty-eighth day, we learnt about Veena.
- On the forty-ninth day, we repeated our learning of Veena with a small excitement added.
- On the fiftieth day, we learnt about Dilruba/Esraj.
- On the fifty-first day, we learnt about Jaltarang.
- On the fifty-second day we learnt about Qawwali.
- On the fifty-third day, we learnt about Sitar.
- On the fifty-fourth day, we learnt about Surbahar.
- On the fifty-fifth day, we learnt about Harmonium.
- On the fifty-sixth day, we learnt about Santoor.
- On the fifty-seventh day, we learnt about Swarmandal.
- On the fifty-eighth day, we learnt about the Shruti Box.
- On the fifty-ninth day, we learnt about Alankar.
- On the sixtieth day, we learnt about singing in Aakaar.
- On the sixty-first day, we learnt about the Classification of Indian Musical Instruments.
- On the sixty-second day, we learnt a little about Carnatic Music.
- On the sixty-third day, we learnt about Natya Shastra.
- On the sixty-fourth day, we learnt about evolution of musical instruments in India down the ages.
- On the sixty-fifth day, we learnt about Riyaaz.
- On the sixty-sixth day, we looked at a list of Raagas in Hindustani Classical Music.
- On the sixty-seventh day, we learnt about the health benefits of raagas.
- On the sixty-eighth day, we learnt a little more comprehensively about the moods and emotions that raagas evoke.
- On the sixty-ninth day, we learnt about a mobile application to help identify raagas.
- On the seventieth day, we learnt about Melakarta Raagas.
- On the seventy-first day, we learnt about Sangita Makarand.
- On the seventy-second day, we learnt about TaalMala an Android application for personalized accompaniment of musical instruments during Riyaaz or even during Concert.
- On the seventy-third day, we learnt about Indian Classical Ragas, an Android application for mobile phones.
- On the seventy-fourth day, we learnt about Saregama Classical, another application for Classical Raagas.
- On the seventy-fifth day, we learnt about a free online service available to learn Indian Classical Music.
- On the seventy-sixth day, we learnt about List of Hindustani Classical Musical Festivals in India and Abroad.
- On the seventy-seventh day, we learnt about List of Carnatic Musical Festivals in India and Abroad.
- On the seventy-eighth day, we learnt about Jhaptal.
- On the seventy-ninth day, we learnt about Ektal.
- On the eightieth day, we learnt about Tivra Tal.
- On the eighty-first day, we learnt about the greatest Rudra Veena player ever: Ustaad Asad Ali Khan.
- On the eighty-second day, we learnt about the greatest Bansuri player alive: Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia.
- On the eighty-third day, we learnt about the best Sarod player in the country: Ustaad Ali Akbar Khan.
- On the eighty-fourth day, we learnt about the greatest Sitar player in the world: Pandit Ravi Shankar.
- On the eighty-fifth day, we learnt about the greatest Indian vocalist of Carnatic tradition: MS Subbulakshmi.
- On the eighty-sixth day, we not just learnt about the greatest vocalist of Hindustani tradition: Pandit Bhimsen Joshi but also learnt about Tal Hinch.
- On the eighty-seventh day, we learnt about the Shehnai maestro Ustaad Bismillah Khan.
- On the eighty-eighth day, we learnt about Annapurna Devi, the greatest Surbahar player in India.
- On the eighty-ninth day, we learnt about Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma, the greatest Santoor Player in the country.
- And today, on the ninetieth day, we learnt about Ustaad Alla Rakha, the Tabla maestro.
There is much more still to be learnt and enjoyed.
Please stay tuned!
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