HINDI SONGS DEPICTING IDEALS IN PREAMBLE TO CONSTITUTION OF INDIA

HAPPY REPUBLIC DAY 2016

What exactly does the republic day signify? It is the day when the Indian constitution came into effect on 26 Jan 1950. The opinion expressed by an American Constitutional authority, Granville Austin, was significant. He said that the Indian constitution was “perhaps the greatest political venture since that originated in Philadelphia in 1787.” He described it as a “social document”. We should never forget that the Constitution, as envisaged by a committee under Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, was to foster a social revolution.

A few years after the declaration of the Indian republic, Sir Anthony Eden, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom said, ‘Of all the experiments in government, which have been attempted since the beginning of time, I believe that the Indian venture into parliamentary government is the most exciting. A vast subcontinent is attempting to apply to its tens and thousands of millions a system of free democracy. It is a brave thing to try to do so. The Indian venture is not a pale imitation of our practice at home, but a magnified and multiplied reproduction on a scale we have never dreamt of. If it succeeds, its influence on Asia is incalculable for good. Whatever the outcome we must honour those who attempt it”.
Republic Day is, thus, an affirmation of common aspirations, hopes, strengths, responsibilities, and will of our people.

Our aspirations in brief are given in the Preamble of the Constitution. We seek for all our citizens: Justice, Liberty, Equality and Fraternity. I have created a cover picture for all my groups with these aspirations.

RD 2016

SONG #1
Insaaf ki dagar pe bachcho dikhaayo chal ke

One song that depicted all these ideals was penned by my favourite poet and lyricist: Shakeel Badayuni for the 1961 movie Ganga Jamuna starring Dilip Kumar and Vyjayanthimala. Here in this song, Abhi Bhattacharya as a village school teacher is addressing the young ignited minds and moulding them to be the future leaders of the country.

This song was composed by Naushad Ali and so as to increase my joy and pride manifold, it was also sung by my favourite singer Hemant Kumar.

Hemant Kumar

Please enjoy a song that tells us what we sought as a Republic in our leaders: Insaaf ki dagar pe bachcho dikhayo chal ke, ye desh hai tumhaara, neta tumhin ho kal ke….

insaaf kii Dagar pe, bachcho.n dikhaao chal ke
ye desh hai tumhaaraa, netaa tumhii.n ho kal ke

duniyaa ke ra.nj sahanaa aur kuchh na mu.Nh se kahanaa
sachchaaiyo.n ke bal pe aage ko ba.Dhate rahanaa
rakh doge ek din tum sa.nsaar ko badal ke
insaaf kii …

apane ho.n yaa paraae sabake liye ho nyaay
dekho kadam tumhaaraa haragiz na Dagamagaae
raste ba.De kaThin hai.n chalanaa sambhal-sambhal ke
insaaf kii …

insaaniyat ke sar par izzat kaa taaj rakhanaa
tan man bhii bhe.nT dekar bhaarat kii laaj rakhanaa
jiivan nayaa milegaa a.ntim chitaa me.n jal ke,
insaaf kii …

 

SONG #2 (JUSTICE)
Insaaf ka mandir hai ye bhagwan ka ghar hai

We are covering our aspirations as given in the Preamble of the Constitution. We seek for all our citizens: Justice, Liberty, Equality and Fraternity.

Our first song depicted all these aspirations: Insaaf Ki Dagar Pe bachcho dikhayo chal ke.

Now, we take a song each for each one of our four aspirations for our people and the first one is: Justice or Insaaf.

Most Indians, after having tried their hand at getting Justice or Insaaf through the Indian system, pray to God to give them divine justice!

Here is a song from the 1954 movie Amar starring Dilip Kumar and Madhubala. They go for Insaaf to a temple. Shakeel Badayuni penned the lyrics, Naushad Ali composed it in our most popular Raag: Bharavi and Mohammad Rafi sang it.

Naushad Ali, Mohammad Rafi and Shakeel Badayuni
Naushad Ali, Mohammad Rafi and Shakeel Badayuni

This means that five Muslims got together to make one Hindi bhajan; that was the beauty of our culture!

Please enjoy in Raag Bhairavi: Insaaf ka mandir hai yeh bhagwan ka ghar hai….

Part 1

##‎during‬ casting##
ra: insaaf kaa mandir hai ye bhagavaan kaa ghar hai -2
ko: insaaf kaa mandir hai ye bhagavaan kaa ghar hai
ra: kahanaa hai jo kah de tujhe kis baat kaa Dar hai

hai khoT tere man me.n jo bhagavaan se hai duur -2
hai.n paa.Nv tere
##‎casting ends here##

Part 2

##‎Dilip and Madhubaalaa go to temple##
ra: insaaf kaa mandir hai ye bhagavaan kaa ghar hai
kahanaa hai jo kah de tujhe kis baat kaa Dar hai

hai khoT tere man me.n jo bhagavaan se hai duur -2
hai.n paa.Nv tere
hai.n paa.Nv tere phir bhii tuu aane se hai majabuur
aane se hai majabuur
himmat hai to aa jaa ye bhalaa_ii kii Dagar hai
insaaf kaa mandir hai ye bhagavaan kaa ghar hai

dukh de ke jo dukhiyo.n se na insaaf karegaa
bhagavaan bhii usako na kabhii maaf karegaa
ye soch le -2
ye soch le har baat kii daataa ko Kabar hai
daataa ko Kabar hai
himmat hai to aa jaa ye bhalaa_ii kii Dagar hai
ko: insaaf kaa mandir hai ye bhagavaan kaa ghar hai

Part 3:

#‪#‎at‬ the end##
ra: maayuus na ho haar ke taqadiir kii baazii
pyaaraa hai vo Gam jisame.n ho bhagavaan bhii raazii
dukh dard mile
dukh dard mile jisame.n wohii pyaar amar he
wohii pyaar amar he
ye soch le har baat kii daataa ko Kabar hai
ko: insaaf kaa mandir hai ye bhagavaan kaa ghar hai -2

SONG #3 (LIBERTY)
Apani azaadi ko ham hargiz mita sakate najhin

We are taking up songs depicting our aspirations as given in the Preamble of the Constitution. We seek for all our citizens: Justice, Liberty, Equality and Fraternity. I have created a cover picture for all my groups with these aspirations.

One song that depicted all these aspirations was given by me last night: Insaaf Ki Dagar Pe bachcho dikhayo chal ke. And then we took up a song depicting Justice or Insaaf: Insaaf ka mandir hai yeh bhagwan ka ghar hai.

Now, we take a song on Liberty.

Many people, I suspect, think of the words Liberty and Freedom as meaning the same thing. In speeches and written pieces they are used pretty much as synonyms. Indeed, many people don’t even find a difference between Independence Day and Republic Day!

Freedom is a state of being capable of making decisions without external control.

Liberty, on the other hand, is freedom which has been granted to a people by an external control.

What a useful learning for us Indians that unlike what we feel, our Constitution does not give us unfettered freedom but Liberty, which is Freedom with certain controls.

Once again, Shakeel Badayuni is the one who told us about the true value of our Freedom (Azadi) that led to our aspiration of Liberty.

At this stage, it is nice to reflect on the fact that first three out of five songs that I shall be putting up to remind us of Republic Day have been penned by Shakeel Badayuni with music by Naushad. This too has been sung by Mohammad Rafi for Dilip Kumar and it is from the 1964 movie Leader.

Poster of the 1964 movie Leader starring Dilip Kumar and Vyjayanthimala
Poster of the 1964 movie Leader starring Dilip Kumar and Vyjayanthimala

Please enjoy: Apani aazaadi ko ham hargiz mita sakate nahin….

apanii aazaadii ko ham haragiz miTaa sakate nahii.n
sar kaTaa sakate hai.n lekin sar jhukaa sakate nahii.n

hamane sadiyo.n me.n ye aazaadii kii nemat paaii hai
saika.Do.n qurabaaniyaa.N dekar ye daulat paaii hai
muskaraakar khaaii hai.n siino.n pe apane goliyaa.N
kitane viiraano.n se guzare hai.n to jannat paaii hai
Kaak me.n ham apanii izzat ko milaa sakate nahii.n

kyaa chalegii zulm kii ahale vafaa ke saamane
jaa nahii.n sakataa koii sholaa havaa ke saamane
laakh fauje.n le ke aaii aman kaa dushman koii
ruk nahii.n sakataa hamaarii ekataa ke saamane
ham vo patthar hai.n jise dushman hilaa sakate nahii.n

vaqt kii aazaadii ke ham saath chalate jaae.nge
har qadam par zi.ndagii kaa ruK badalate jaae.nge
gar vatan me.n bhii milegaa koI gaddaar-e-vatan
apanii taaqat se ham usakaa sar kuchalate jaae.nge
ek dhokhaa khaa chuke hai.n aur khaa sakate nahii.n

SONG #4 (EQUALITY)
Bane ho ek khaak se to door kyaa kareeb kyaa
Lahu ka rang ek hai ameer kyaa gareeb kyaa?

Republic Day is an affirmation of common aspirations, hopes, strengths, responsibilities, and will of our people.

Our aspirations in brief are given in the Preamble of the Constitution. We seek for all our citizens: Justice, Liberty, Equality and Fraternity. I have created a cover picture for all my groups with these aspirations.

Many people feel that there is no difference between Independence Day and Republic Day. I am bringing out these differences through songs.

Since the beginning of this post we took up three songs: One, Insaaf ki dagar se bachcho dikhaayo chal ke, telling us about all our ideals as republic; Insaaf ka mandir hai yeh bhagwan ka ghar hai reminding us of Justice (Insaaf) and Apani azaadi ko hum hargiz mita sakate nahin to tell us the value of Liberty given to us by our constitution.

Let us take up the fourth song about Equality now.

This one has been penned by Majrooh Sultanpuri in the 1962 movie Aarti with Meena Kumari in the title role.

It has Roshan‘s music and Lata Mangeshkar sang it.

aarti

Here is the Indian ideal of Equality in a most meaningful song: Bane ho ek khaak se to door kyaa kareeb kyaa,
Lahu ka rang ek hai ameer kyaa gareeb kyaa?

bane ho ek Kaak se, to duur kyaa qariib kyaa -(3)
lahu kaa ra.ng ek hai, amiir kyaa gariib kyaa
bane ho ek …

vo hii jaan vo hii tan, kahaa.N talaq chhupaaoge -(2)
pahan ke reshamii libaaz, tum badal na jaaoge
ke ek jaat hai.n sabhii -(2)
to baat hai ajiib sii
lahu kaa ra.ng ek hai …

gariib hai vo isa liye, tum amiir ho gaye -(2)
ke ek baadashaah huaa, to sau fakiir ho gaye
khataa yaha hai samaaja kii -(2)
bhalaa buraa nasiib kyaa
lahu kaa ra.ng ek hai …

jo ek ho to kyuu.N naa phir, dilo.n kaa dard baa.NT lo -(2)
lahu kii pyaas baa.NT lo, ruko ki dard baa.NT lo
lagaa lo saba ko tum gale (2)
habiib kyaa, raqiib kyaa
lahu kaa ra.ng ek hai …

SONG #5 (FRATERNITY)
Insaan ka insaan se ho bhaichaara
Yehi paigham hamara

Republic Day is an affirmation of common aspirations, hopes, strengths, responsibilities, and will of our people.

Our aspirations in brief are given in the Preamble of the Constitution. We seek for all our citizens: Justice, Liberty, Equality and Fraternity. I have created a cover picture for all my groups with these aspirations.

Many people feel that there is no difference between Independence Day and Republic Day. I am bringing out these differences through songs.

Since the beginning of this post we took up four songs: One, Insaaf ki dagar se bachcho dikhaayo chal ke, telling us about all our ideals as republic; Insaaf ka mandir hai yeh bhagwan ka ghar hai reminding us of Justice (Insaaf), Apani azaadi ko hum hargiz mita sakate nahin to tell us the value of Liberty given to us by our constitution; and Lahu ka rang ek hai ameer kyaa gareeb kyaa (Equality)

Let us take up the fifth song about Fraternity now.

This one was very easy to find since it is from the 1959 movie Paigham (literally, our Proclamation or Declaration of our Intent; indeed the Preamble of our Constitution that came into effect 66 years ago on 26 January 1950).

It has been penned by Kavi Pradeep and has C Ramchandra‘s music (as in Ai mere watan ke logo). It has been sung by Mohammad Rafi.

paigham1

Please enjoy: Insaan ka insaan se ho bhaichaara, yehi paigham hamara….

Please enjoy Manna De sing about our fourth ideal in the Preamble of our Constitution: Insaan ka insaan se ho bhaichaara, yehi paighaam hamaara….

insan ka ho insan se bhaichara
yahi paigam hamara
yahi paigam hamara
naye jagat me huya purana
unch nich ka kissa
sabko mile mehnat ke
mutabik apna apna hissa
sabke liye sukh ka barabar ho bantwara
yahi paigam hamara
yahi paigam hamara

harek mahal se kaho ke
jhopdiyo me diye jalaye
chhoto aur bado me ab
koi phrak na rah jaye
is dharti par ho pyar ka
ghar ghar ujiyara
yahi paigam hamara
yahi paigam hamara
insan ka ho insan se bhaichara
yahi paigam hamara
yahi paigam hamara

Ladies and gentlemen, today is the day to rejoice as we celebrate the 67th Republic Day of India. Let us remember the Preamble to the Constitution of India through these five songs.

Jai Hind!

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